Creating a Pashmina stole or shawl is a journey that has been passed from generation to generation, from the mountains of Ladakh to the Vale of Kashmir. The 5 stage process is outlined below to illustrate the complexity, craftsmanship and wonder of creating a Pashmina, using traditional techniques all performed by hand.

Collecting of Pashmina Wool by Herders

Nomadic Herders gather renewable wool every spring by combing their goats, high in the Himalayan Mountains of Ladakh. With the onset of winter the goats grow new fibers again.

Spinning of Pashmina Wool by "Yander"

The yarn is spun on a spinning wheel locally known as 'Yander'. Prior to spinning, the raw material is treated by stretching and cleaning it to remove any dirt and soaked for a few days in a mixture of rice and water to make it softer. Hand-spinning is an extremely painstaking task. It requires immense patience, dexterity and dedication and is an amazing process to watch.

Weaving of Shawl on a 15th Century Old Loom

Pashmina yarn is too fragile for the vibration caused by power looms, all the House of Zaffron 100% Pashmina's are weaved using the traditional hand looms. Weaving is performed with a shuttle carrying the soft Pashmina yarn through the fine yet strong silk warp. The weaving process is in itself an art, which has been passed down over generations, originating from the 15C. It takes about three to four days to weave a single Pashmina stole or shawl.


Dyeing is carried out by hand, each piece individually. The Dyers with generations of experience apply dip-dye techniques mastered several centuries before. The House of Zaffron only administer metal and azo free dyes, making the Pashmina products completely eco-friendly. The pure water used for dying is pumped up from deep beneath the surface and the dyeing process is performed at a temperature just below boiling point for nearly an hour. Pashmina wool is exceptionally absorbent with the dye running deep into the wool.

Fringes and Designs

The making of the distinctive Pashmina fringe and designs is an interesting stage of the Pashmina making process. This is an artistic and delicate process as it takes hours to fringe and design each Pashmina product by the artisan.